They work with welders, Welding Engineers, companies and industries that use welding operations, certified inspectors, and Welding Supervisors. And many of the people who benefit from safe welding practices may not even know they exist.

While the name of the Canadian Welding Bureau may be new to you, if you’re involved with the welding industry at all, you’ve probably benefited from their work. The Canadian Welding Bureau or CWB, works to qualify welders and welding procedures, ensuring that industries requiring these skills receive high levels of competency and reliability.

Formed in 1947 to administer the original welding standard for structural steel, the CWB now enjoys a much expanded scope. The organization is accredited by the Standards Council of Canada as a national certification body, and administers the following CSA Standards: W47.1, W47.2, W55.3, W186, W178.1, and W48.

Via the CWB Learning Centre, the group also provides comprehensive training courses and products for many different customers.

They train Welding Supervisors, ensuring that qualified welders and welding operators are working in accordance with approved procedures. They certify Welding Inspectors, who help the fabrication industry avoid repairs and costly project delays.

They provide a public forum for certified welders to exchange information, share resources, and hold everyone in the profession to the same high standards. They ensure that Welding Engineers apply the CSA Standards for welding design and best practices. And they help Canadian companies control welding operations in the field by qualifying Welding Supervisors.

The CWB helps keep every Canadian safe by serving and improving each aspect of the welding industry.

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Steam Pipeline Testing Updated: 2011 CSA Z662 Standard

Does your company include pipeline industry professionals such as pipeline managers, engineers, technologists, or QC inspectors who need to stay current on industry standards?

You may have seen that the 2011 edition of the CSA Z662 Standard, covering the design, operation, and maintenance of Canada’s oil and gas pipeline systems is available. Providing guidance on changes to the code since 2007, some of the most significant differences relate to weld procedure development for oilfield steam distribution piping.

Here are a few of the highlights.

(1) Testing of individual welding consumables is no longer required. Now the aggregate weld joint must be tested in accordance with the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, additionally requiring that results include yield strength.

(2) Important changes are included governing the use of high performance plastic piping.

(3) Includes significant revisions relating to incident reporting and engineering assessments, integrity management program guidelines, and safety & loss management systems.

Since you or your company might not have a lot of extra time to spend staying up to date on the standard, you may want help reviewing your steam pipeline welding procedures and ensuring compliance with the current CSA code requirements. A licenced professional engineer in Manitoba can provide specific guidance from the updated standard based on the projects your company is working on.

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What You Need to Know About Welding Inspector Certification in Manitoba

Are you certified or planning to be certified as a welding inspector in Manitoba or another province? Your job is a vital one, as you confirm that welds and welding materials meet the standards of the Canadian Welding Bureau (CWB). The Bureau administers CSA W178.2-01, which covers three basic areas:

(1) Examination requirements for different levels of welding inspector certification,
(2) Guidelines for registering welding inspection trainees, and
(3) Definition of standards for welding inspectors, including vision requirements, certification review, and a code of ethics.

Here’s a little more about what’s included in each section.

Climbing the ladder. There’s a base level of knowledge required by every certified inspector plus three levels of certification, with increasing knowledge and skills as you move from Level 1 to Level 3. Welding inspectors at Level 3 and 2 have all the capabilities of the levels below them, while a Level 1 inspector requires supervision by someone at one of the more advanced levels.

Educational guidelines. Within the standard you’ll find recommended course guidelines on topics such as welding fundamentals, welding inspection, and welding metallurgy. Two appendices cover a list of relevant standards and recommended courses.

Additional professional requirements. Candidates for inspector status should have previous experience in welded fabrication or welding inspection. All current welding inspectors must take a re-certification exam every six years. Qualified candidates holding an equivalent certificate from an outside organization can be certified by the CWB via proper application.

Do you need more details about certification as a welding inspector in Manitoba? The primary professional engineer and owner of AJP Engineering currently serves as the chairman of the technical committee for CSA W178 Standards, and leads the specialized group tasked with the continuing development and updating of standards. He’s available for consultation and can help answer any questions you or your company may have about welding inspector certification in Manitoba.

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Meeting Safety Standards For Pressure Vessels Manufactured Outside Manitoba

Pressure vessels including boilers, pressure piping, and related components intended for use within Manitoba must meet the requirements of two safety codes:

(1) ASME (American Society of Mechanical Engineers) and
(2) CSA – B51 standard

Together these codes form a minimum safety standard as expressed in the Manitoba Act and regulations. But what about pressure vessels manufactured outside Canada or the United States that do not carry the ASME certification?

These components may be used in Manitoba, provided three items are provided for review and acceptance by the provincial authority with jurisdiction in that area. All submissions, including drawing notations and code calculations, must be provided in English. Here’s what you need to know.

(1) Complete code equivalency proof. The qualified design engineer (a registered P.Eng) must prove the component was designed based on a code that’s equivalent to the ASME standard. That can be further broken down to include materials of construction, design calculation control, weld joint details including weld maps, specifics on non-destructive testing (NDT), heat treatment details, hydrostatic or pneumatic testing pressures, flange ratings, identification of code cases applicable to the design, reports of additional physical testing, and reinforcement calculations.

(2) Proving quality assurance equivalency. The company manufacturing the pressure vessel component must show evidence of a quality assurance program that meets or exceeds the ASME code or the ISO 9000 international quality system standard. That means a quality program which is accredited by ASME or the province of Manitoba. Authorized inspectors visit and review manufacturing facilities with the ability to witness or examine all materials, processes, and adherence to check-lists as per the quality assurance program.

(3) Proof of authorized facility inspection. As described in the second point above, all manufacturing facility inspections require an authorized inspector who is part of an organization meeting ASME accreditation standards.

Pressure vessel components manufactured outside Manitoba for use within the province must meet or exceed equivalent safety codes. Consultation with a professional engineer assures that all requirements are fulfilled.

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As an engineer trained in a country other than Canada, you may be interested in immigrating to one of the provinces and finding work as a professional engineer. Before you decide, there are a few things you’ll want to know about the process.

Canadian law requires that every practising engineer be licensed by one of the 12 provincial and territorial associations. A professional engineer (P.Eng) may only work within one jurisdiction but there are mobility agreements among the associations.

If you’re considering immigrating, before starting the process you can get a free assessment of how your engineering education compares to the Canadian standard. This assessment will help you make an informed decision about the types of work available for you in Canada.

Once you’ve done a little more research, here are the exact steps needed to become licensed as a professional engineer after immigrating to Canada. Before applying for a P.Eng licence, you’ll first need a permanent residence visa. Then follow these 4 steps.

(1) Contact the association in the province or territory where you plan to live and submit all required information, including documentation of your educational qualifications, employment and character references, and addresses of professional and educational institutions that can prove your engineering skills.

(2) Wait for review of your academic qualifications. Based on your intended engineering specialty, the association may require an additional written examination.

(3) Wait for review of your professional engineering experience. Most associations require three to four years of qualified work experience, along with 12 months in a Canadian environment, ensuring you are familiar with Canadian codes and standards.

(4) Successfully pass the professional practice exam recognized in your local area. Covering professional practice, ethics, engineering law and liability, the exam is the final step in reaching your professional goals.

Completing the licensing process may take several years, but using your skills as a professional engineer in Canada is worth the wait.

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AJP Engineering is currently seeking Intermediate or Senior CAD/Drafting Technician for our Estevan, Saskatchewan location. Successful candidate will have a minimum 5 years of experience with AutoCAD, demonstrated hands-on experience in an industrial environment. Knowledge and experience with SmartPlant 3D an asset.

Interested? Click here for more information.

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On December 24, 2009, during construction activities on a high-rise building in Toronto, Canada, four workers were killed and another seriously injured after a swing stage hoist broke into two pieces.

In another incident, occurring late in 2011, a maintenance crane at a sawmill failed, injuring two workers and knocking one man unconscious.

While not every crane accident can be prevented, in most cases regular inspections by a qualified professional engineer in Manitoba, along with the replacement and repair of components, and the retirement of the crane, if warranted, will limit potential problems.

Here are some of the inspection services required for different types of cranes.

Mobile crane safety. Conventional, telescoping, and knuckle-boom cranes in all sizes and shapes must meet the safety standards of CSA Z150. Included in the standard is non-destructive testing (NDT) and an annual weld inspection.

Shop crane and runway inspections. For crane runways, crane bridges, gantry cranes, crane trolleys, monorail cranes, jib cranes and hooks, along with below the hook lifting devices, a visual weld inspection is required periodically to assess the structural condition of the device.

A professional engineer can also review crane and crane runway designs, evaluate the fatigue life of the device, and conduct forensic failure analysis after the fact.

Don’t put yourself or anyone else at risk by delaying or skipping required crane inspections.

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Do you like to solve problems? Are you curious about how buildings and other structures are designed and put together? Would you like to have a part in this process? Then you might be interested in a career in Structural Engineering.

Generally considered a subset of civil engineering, structural engineering focuses on the analysis of structural elements, and how they are combined to create a safe, cost-efficient, and resilient building that will stand for many years. Structural engineers design systems for industrial, commercial, residential, and institutional applications in both the public and private sectors.

Here are some of the ways you can enjoy a rewarding career in structural engineering.

(1) Earn a bachelor’s degree in structural engineering or an equivalent area of study. You’ll learn the basics of statics and dynamics for various structural elements and gain a foundation in engineering design that will support you throughout your career. If you plan to work in Canada you’ll want to be sure your degree comes from an accredited engineering program.

(2) Learn computer-assisted design. As a designer or draftsman, you’ll have an integral part in creating accurate engineering drawings for all types of projects. You’ll need strong self-motivation and attention to detail to succeed in this field.

(3) Become a site inspector. With an educational background in structural engineering, you can work as a building site inspector, helping to ensure that structures are safe.

(4) Be part of the building process. Take your background in structural engineering and work in construction administration or project management.

(5) Work in technical sales or support. The building industry requires an army of knowledgeable engineers and technicians to specify components and support production.

A career in structural engineering brings daily challenges and the satisfaction of having a part in designing and constructing buildings that endure.

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If you’re like many businesses, you have a lot of money invested in equipment that’s crucial for your day-to-day success. And if one of those pieces of equipment goes off line for any reason, your bottom line can be affected.

By scheduling and performing regular inspections as recommended by a professional engineer, you can avoid significant problems. Here are three ways to keep your heavy equipment operating at maximal capacity throughout the year.

(1) Keep equipment certifications current. An Occupational Health and Safety (OHS) Act in every province requires that any lifting device that can lift more than 2,000 kg must be certified at least every 12 months. And other lifting equipment such as cranes, hoists, and other lifting devices require different inspection intervals depending on the type of service and load capacity. By contracting with certified inspection organisations, you’ll be sure your equipment always meets OHS standards.

(2) Adapt for winter conditions. The winter months in Winnipeg can be harsh, with plenty of snow, ice, and rain. Excess moisture and extremely low temperatures can cause performance drop-offs for large equipment, especially those operating outside. Prepare for these difficult conditions by giving each piece of equipment a thorough check prior to the season and winterizing as needed.

(3) Properly certify out-of-Province equipment. When using equipment from another province, OHS regulations require an inspection under the direction of a professional engineer licensed to practise in Winnipeg, before the equipment is placed in service. Don’t risk potential fines or lost revenue from extended downtime on the job. Pre-book certification inspections to avoid delays.

Performing required inspections on all your equipment before certificates expire keeps your employees safe and ensures that work functions will run as smoothly as possible. A professional engineer knows the requirements for different pieces of heavy equipment and can help create an annual inspection schedule that saves you time and money.

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Getting your P.Eng or Professional Engineer’s licence elevates you from newly minted engineering graduate to true professional status. And it’s a must for anyone in the profession who wants to advance.

Are you an engineer in Canada or a recent university graduate? As you start your professional engineering career, you’re probably looking for ways to climb the ladder quickly. Achieving a P.Eng takes just four steps, and as a graduate, you’ve probably already completed the first. Here’s what you need to do.

(1) Get your degree from an accredited engineering program. Over 200 programs at 35 Canadian universities meet the standards of the Canadian Engineering Accreditation Board. If you’re going to school in another country, just be sure the program is the equivalent of an accredited Canadian engineering program.

(2) Register as an Engineer-In-Training with your local engineering licensing body. Once you have that degree in hand, you’re ready to take the first step on the P.Eng journey. Each provincial or territorial licensing organisation has an internship program. Becoming an EIT moves you up another rung on the ladder.

(3) Get on the job practical experience in the form of an internship, and become a true professional. Here’s where it gets good. As an EIT under the supervision of a P.Eng, you’ll apply the engineering theory and skills you learned in school in real-world projects. The work you do will improve your communication skills and help you gain a greater understanding of how engineers impact society.

(4) Complete a professional examination as determined by your local licensing body. Once you have the experience, it’s time to show it on paper. Get the details of examination schedules from your local licensing body. Some use the National Professional Practice Exam while others have their own exam. You’ll prove your understanding of the laws and code of ethics that all professional engineers follow.

Checked all the boxes? You’ll receive your P.Eng licence and an official seal to stamp your engineering designs and drawings. And you’ll join the elite community of over 160,000 Canadian professional engineers. You’ve earned it.

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